Why is Electrolyte Balance in the diet important?

Electrolytes play a key role in the well-being of your animals.

As for us humans, your animals use minerals (such as sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium and magnesium) to regulate the physico-chemical parameters of their organism, in particular the acid-base balance. These minerals come from what they eat and drink.

They are vital elements because they facilitate the circulation of nutrients in the cells and the elimination of waste. They also make the nerves, muscles, heart and brain of the animal function normally and balance the amount of water and pH level in their body. 

Balance between positively and negatively charged ions is essential

If there is an imbalance between positively charged ions (cations) and negatively charged ions (anions), animals can face several problems such as production drops, acidosis, dehydration, diarrhoea, etc.... 


Calculate the Electrolyte Balance for Swine and Poultry

The feed requirements of your pigs and poultry vary according to their stage of physiological development. By calculating the Electrolyte Balance of the ration (sodium, potassium and chloride), it is possible to see whether the ration is in line with the ideal values. A ration whose Electrolyte Balance is too low (risk of acidosis) can be effectively corrected by adding Bicar®Z. To calculate the Electrolytic Balance of your ration, there is only one formula:

BE = [Na+ + K+] - [Cl-]   

Which Electrolyte Balance value is ideal for your pigs?

Stage of development

Ideal EB value

Pregnant sow 

between  240 and 270 mEq/kg DM

Sow in preparation for farrowing

between  160 and 190 mEq/kg DM

Suckling sow

between  180 and 220 mEq/kg DM

Piglets after weaning

between  250 and 300 mEq/kg DM

Pors pork butchers

between 200 and 250 mEq/kg DM

Growing gilts

between  200 and 250 mEq/kg DM


Which Electrolyte Balance value is ideal for your poultry?

Species and stage of development

Ideal EB value (mEq/kg DM)

Chickens between 1 and 21 days old

between 240 and 300 

Chickens between 21 and 42 days of age

between  240 and 260

Laying hens

between   240 and 280

Laying hens in heat stress situations

between  280 and 320


between  250 and 280